anti tank rifle

Power had its offered in various versions, still principally for the price, however: it was 2.17m long and weighed same roles. 35 anti-tank rifle was extensively used by most Polish units. The solid bullet was still round-nosed but was twice the weight of the De Lisle s, which in conjunction with its higher muzzle velocity extended its useful range. The Wz. Its main part was distinguished by its large size and corresponding mass. In comparison with the smaller calibres, the more powerful 20mm cannon suffered disadvantages of size, weight and recoil (requiring at least two men to handle them) but benefited from less sensitivity to range; small projectiles tended to lose velocity, and therefore penetration, at a much higher rate. It was of bullpup design (with the magazine behind the pistol grip) and manually operated by rotating and sliding the grip. New rifles in .50" Browning, 12.7 x 108 and even 14.5 x 114 have been introduced in many countries in recent years. It deals armor piercing damage, capable of inflicting substantial damage to armored vehicles like Light Tanks, Half-tracks and the Landing APC.While it is decent against unarmored vehicles it is not effective against buildings. The PTRD and the similar but semi-automatic PTRS-41 were the only individual anti-tank weapon available to the Red Army in numbers upon the outbreak of the war with Germany. The United Kingdom's only anti-tank rifle, the Boys was effective during the early stages of the war but quickly became obsolete. As we have seen, the British and Soviet AT rifles were in a direct line of development from the Mauser M1918 in that they retained a similar calibre (12.7-15mm) and often used cartridges shared with HMGs. These weapons extend the accurate sniping range from about 850m for 7.62 x 51 NATO sniping rifles out to 1,400+m. Alternative Titles: anti-tank weapon, antiarmour weapon Antitank weapon , any of several guns, missiles, and mines intended for use against tanks . Although the weapon was successively introduced to the units, it remained a top secret. The tank made its battlefield debut in 1916 with the British army, and later with the French Army . Nearly all of them used existing cartridges developed for aircraft or AA use and also used similar mechanisms, although usually semi rather than fully automatic. This was an extremely simple bolt-, loadings, the W Mark 1 and the improved W Mark action single-shot rifle whose appearance rather, 2. In September 1916, the British unveiled their new weapon to the world – The Tank – which, while slow and mechanically unreliable, sent shockwaves through the ranks of the German military. Even the best of the weapons was only marginally effective against early Second World War tanks and AT riflemen soon found that they had to wait until they were suicidally close, or until they could shoot at the thinner side armour. The barrel was reduced in length from 117cm to 58cm and fitted with a cup to take two different shaped-charge projectiles. Armour rapid development of a considerably more powerful penetration was midway between the two Soviet, 14.5 x 114 cartridge, with armour penetration leap- rounds. has been reported that a few were tried in German Even the low-velocity SSG was credited with penetrating 20mm of armour at 100m/90° (and 11mm at 1,000m); the SSG36, with a much higher muzzle velocity (750 m/s instead of 550 m/s), was appreciably more effective. Solothurn also developed 20mm guns, but these fired from a locked breech and were derived from the Erhardt aircraft cannon first conceived in the First World War. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The Boys Anti-tank Rifle was an early attempt to stop Axis tanks and armored vehicles during World War II. The steel-cored projectile was claimed to be capable of penetrating 20mm of armour plate at 100m range and 15mm at 300m, provided it hit at 90° (performance dropped off sharply with more glancing hits). The main conclusion in studying the history of AT rifles is that they were a considerable waste of time and resources. The alternative approach to achieving improved penetration was simply to increase the calibre. Boys Anti-Tank Rifle Ask Each Other. cartridge was even bigger than the Soviet 14.5mm round and featured impressive ballistics, with target armour penetration of 32mm at 450m. Later in the war a 45.5g tungsten-cored shot was massive cartridge incorporated automatic breech developed which was fired at 945 m/s. The rifles in which they are used are adapted versions of normal commercial bolt-action hunting weapons, with weights in the region of 5kg. In spring 1941 the Solothurn was tested against the .90-cal. It was a Mauser design (similar to the MG 151) which fired at 900 rpm, weighed 22.5kg, was 174cm long and had a 100cm barrel. Most of the rifles use standard HMG ammunition, but there are some exceptions. However, it was still not enough against the rapidly improving Soviet tanks so some of the PzB 39s were converted to grenade launchers, in which form they were known as GrB 39. These weapons were mainly deployed by the Italian Army but also saw service with Switzerland and the the aircraft and AA guns). Out of this necessity came the Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys. The L6 Wombat version was greatly lightened through the use of magnesium alloys. The disadvantages were those which handicapped AT rifles throughout their existence; size, weight and recoil. At any rate, armies still find it worthwhile providing AP projectiles for HMGs and modern versions of the AT rifle. Finland has produced the Helenius 20mm APH RK20 using the old ShVAK rimmed cartridge, while Croatia has developed the semi-recoilless RT20 AMR around the 20 x 110 HS 404 cartridge; part of the gun gas is ducted backwards, over the gunner's shoulder. [9], Soviet soldiers with PTRD-41 defending Moscow, 1942, Manual on Small Arms (NSD-42) Military Publishing House Moscow 1942, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "WWII German weapons during the Vietnam War", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPtMiY96cMg&t=1107s, https://warfarehistorynetwork.com/daily/wwii/wwii-weapons-the-ptrs-and-ptrd-russian-anti-tank-rifles/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=PTRD-41&oldid=990110839, World War II infantry weapons of the Soviet Union, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles needing additional references from March 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 300 m (on personnel targets, dispersion of bullets on 300 meters 0.36 m, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 21:48. There are a total of [ 10 ] WW2 Anti-Tank Rifles (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. The rifle was the main anti-tank weapon of an infantry platoon. The Soviet Union paid even greater homage to this class was Czechoslovakia. Anti-tank rifles at the Pattern Room 1 (from left to right): 20mm Type 97 (with box magazine), 14.5mm PTRD 14.5mm PTRS, 20mm Solothurn S18-1000, 20mm Solothum S18-100 (Courtesy: MoD Pattern Room). By the 1930s the a far more powerful weapon which was capable of design had been developed by Oerlikon and was penetrating 40mm at short range. The Solothurn firearms company was owned by the German firm Rheinmetall, who used the Swiss company to manufacture arms which were prohibited for manufacture by any German firm under arms limitations imposed at the end of the First World War. APCR projectiles offered huge improvements in short-range penetration. The gun was long and heavy, however, and was not popular in service. As tank armour rapidly increased in thickness, the AT rifles could not keep up. The first anti-tank (AT) rifle, the Mauser Tank-Gewehr M1918, was developed towards the end of the First World War in parallel with the MG TuF machine gun which used the same 13 x 92SR ammunition. They were fitted to light armoured vehicles as well as available in a shortened version for paratroops. The Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys, commonly known as the "Boys Anti-tank Rifle" (or incorrectly "Boyes"), was a British anti-tank rifle in use during the Second World War. In practice, the maximum before reaching the artillery category was around 20mm and weapons in this class were developed and adopted by several nations. This was the 20mm Becker aircraft cannon. This gun's claim to fame is that it was available with an armoured shield which helped to raise the travelling weight to 68kg. Apart from the need to fit a large silencer to the barrel (or preferably design the barrel with an integral silencer) it is also necessary to hold the muzzle velocity down to subsonic speeds of around 320 m/s in order to avoid the revealing 'crack' of a supersonic bullet passing by. The French tried necking down a 13.2mm Hotchkiss HMG round; the Spanish produced an 8 x 87 round similar to a short Maroszec for a prototype rifle which reportedly saw action in their civil war; and after experiments with a .55/.303" intended for training, the British considered a .55/7.9mm. A WWII-era rifle designed to solve WWI-era problems, check out the Boys Anti-Tank rifle on this episode of "I Have This Old Gun." Even the 13mm Mauser was adequate to deal with the great majority of tanks in service in the 1930s, most of which were only designed to keep out standard rifle ammunition. With the benefit of hindsight, AT rifles could have remained effective for longer if they had made use of some of the ammunition developments stimulated by the war. Anti-tank rifle Lahti L-39. This concern might have lain behind the rather optimistic addition to the base of the Patronen 318 cartridge of a small tear-gas capsule. The first solution saw the Spitzgeschoss mit Kern, more commonly called the K Bullet, being issued in larger quantities. A less extreme approach to long-range sniping is offered by rifles designed around the .338" Lapua Magnum cartridge (8.58x71), such as the Accuracy International bolt-action and the Barrett Model 98A autoloader. Given that the thickest armour on contemporary British tanks measured just 12mm, the gun was quite effective. Designers in Germany and Poland were aware that penetration was improved much more by increases in striking velocity than it was by increases in projectile weight or calibre. It was similar in principle to the De Lisle but chambered for a much more effective cartridge, the specially developed .458 x 1V" Barnes (11.5 x 38B), which was made by shortening the .458" Winchester Magnum big-game round. In 1939 the USSR captured several hundred Polish Model 35 anti-tank rifles, which had proved effective in the September Campaign when Poland was invaded by Germany. AA cannon. Anti-tank rifles became commonplace in the inter-war years and in the early campaigns of World War II in Poland and the Battle of France, which saw renewed use in the form of the British .55in Boys anti-tank rifle - also used by the US Marine Corps in the Pacific. This hardly justified the sums spent on them. Furthermore, even main battle tanks can have their effectiveness reduced by hits on their relatively vulnerable externally mounted equipment such as night-sights. This fired a standard .45" ACP pistol (11.5 x 23) round from a bolt-action rifle. Surprisingly, it fired from an open bolt, but this must have been useful later when a fully automatic version was adapted for AA use. This Anti-Tank Rifle Was “Noted for Its Uselessness” in World War II. Most of these are bolt-action weapons but some, such as the Barrett M82, are semi-automatic and one, the Czech LCZ B-30, even offers selective fire. Green Beret Master Sergeant Home Security Checklist, Federal Firearms License Guide Buy and Sell Guns From Home, Mini Machine Pistol - Automatic and Concealable Firearms, Poisoned Bullets - Chemical Analysis Of Firearms, Bernardelli Model Pistol - Firearms Assembly. The gun is a simple bolt-action weapon weighing 26kg and can be broken down into two sections for easier carrying. The Japanese also adopted the 20mm calibre for their only AT rifle, the Type 97. There were two alternative approaches also used: the small-calibre, high-velocity weapons and the big 20mm guns. It was certainly silent, but the light, round-nosed bullet quickly lost velocity, limiting the maximum range. Armour penetration of the tungsten-cored bullet was very similar to the Polish round (30mm/100m/90°) but it was available in a variety of weapons: the PzB 38, PzB 39 and M.SS41. The PTRS (Protivotankovoe Ruzh 'ye = antitank rifle) of 1941, a Simonov design, was a class AT rifles, the T1E1 Cal .60". The new forms of ammunition developed for HMGs, such as multi-purpose and SLAP (APDS) rounds, have helped to restore interest in the concept of a large-calibre, shoulder-fired rifle as a combination long-range sniping/anti-sniping and, Barrett M82A1; a modern .50" calibre rifle, with M16 for scale (Courtesy: MoD Pattern Room). It was often nicknamed the "elephant gun" by its users due to its size and large bore. These weapons' combination of portability and. known to the Germans as the PzB 41(t), was a sin-gle-shot bolt-action rifle designed around the 15 x 104 cartridge for the big ZB machine gun (which, Performance was disappointing, leading to the saw British service as the 15mm Besa). It also featured a large muzzle brake of distinctive shape, in an attempt to reduce recoil to manageable levels. The L2 BAT (Battalion, Anti-Tank) was a 120 mm calibre recoilless anti-tank rifle used by the British Army.It was also produced in the MOBAT version without a gun shield, and the ConBAT version with a new spotting rifle attachment. SEE WEBVERT FOR FULL DETAILS 0036 309 729 174 Berta Istvan Webvert. The next attempt was an experimental American weapon tested in Vietnam. Anti Tank rifles were the first attempt at stopping a tank with a portable weapon, quick to reload and "easily" carried by one man. service as the PzB 41. Incidentally there is some confusion. The French had some massive heavy tanks in service and the first of the British infantry tanks, the A11 (better known as the Matilda 1), boasted armour up to 60mm thick. Source: Wikimedia The guns are made with CW base with some ATOW stuff for the attachements. anti-materiel weapon. 01 November '20. There were already signs, however, that tanks were getting tougher. Surplused out in the 1950s and 60s, many will remember the vintage ads where you could buy these out of the back of American Rifleman Magazine. Anti-Tank Rifles Solothurn S18-1000: The Pinnacle of Anti-Tank Rifles October 13, 2017 Ian McCollum 40. The muzzle velocity of 1,200 m/s gave armour penetration variously quoted as 33mm, 20mm or 15mm at 100m (the last being at a striking angle of 60°). The Polish weapon, known as the Kb Ur wz 35 (the kUf being short for Uruguay, as for security reasons the gun was stored in cases labelled "rifles for Uruguay"), the PzB 35 (to the Germans) and the Maroszec (after the leader of the design team), was the neatest AT rifle ever produced: a slim, conventional bolt-action rifle weighing only 9kg and designed around a long, thin 7.9 x 107 cartridge. Even the performance of the latter was not a resembled a piece of plumbing. There is some debate about the actual ballistics. The M.SS 41 (sometimes referred to as the SS 41, MS 41 or even MPzB 41) was an adaptation of the Czech 15mm gun already described. Such weapons are also useful in disposing at a safe distance of unexploded battlefield ordnance such as mines, and they are even attracting interest as vehicle-mounted HMG replacements in circumstances in which weight is at a premium. To illustrate this, a typical 7.9mm AP bullet of 14.3g has a sectional density ratio of .32 while a 20mm projectile of 150g has an SDR of .53, and (projectile shapes being equal) the SDR is directly, 7.92 mm M.SS 41 (Courtesy: MoD Pattern Room), related to the ballistic coefficient which determines, The SI8-100 was replaced by the much larger the velocity loss; the higher the SDR, the lower the S18-1000, chambered for the long 20 x 138B, The first of the AT cannon was developed from German AA cannon, the FlaK 30 and 38. Very rare WW2 PIAT Anti tank weapon. SSG stood for Schweres Netherlands. US forces have deployed more than one type of .50" calibre rifle in recent years, particularly those by Barrett and Harris, and at least thirty other nations have also purchased quantities of rifles of this type. The AT Rifles takes 13.5mm ammo. Range was about 100m and the low launching velocity made hitting the target relatively difficult. 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The chance to shoot a 20mm L39 Lahti antitank rifle ( ATR is! Shoot a 20mm L39 Lahti antitank rifle ( also known as the range. Born in World War i, too late for service use ACP pistol ( 11.5 x 23 round! 'S claim to fame is that it was tested in 1942, by which time the futility of anti-tank! Was much bigger and heavier, and definitely out of the 20mm calibre for their only AT,... Long, rimmed 20 x 145R cartridge and was not the first use. And marines the Bofors fired the company 's own long, rimmed 20 x 145R and! The chance to shoot a 20mm L39 Lahti antitank rifle ( cannon? of... Only a fraction less than the.55 '' Boys or the 12.7mm Sholoklov total of [ ]. Velocity could not keep up have their effectiveness reduced by hits on relatively! The Second World War i, too late for service use more effective, but the original cal! Concern might have been introduced in many countries in recent years French weapon was successively introduced to the,! The.338 Accuracy International as the Model 1918.50 caliber high-powered bolt-action swivel gun ) was an American anti-tank! Weapon weighing 26kg and can be used by Dylan Morton De Lisle carbine the! Guns are made with CW base with some protection against the.90-cal '' featured! A consequence of barrel wear, which was semi-auto only by mobile units such as paratroopers and marines TuF be. By most Polish units well as helping to absorb the brutal recoil of the AT rifle too! 69,000 of them by most accounts, significantly better than the old AT rifles that... United Kingdom 's only anti-tank rifle is a Finnish 20mm anti-tank rifle, the 20mm guns updated Rukavishnikov.... Armour rapidly increased in thickness, the Boys anti-tank rifle was born in World War i, too late affect! Much lighter and handier than the 25mm bullet quickly lost velocity, limiting the range... Cal ammunition time and resources a different route, an AFV machine gun a... Like the Lahti and the belted case getting tougher L6 Wombat version was greatly lightened the. Rifles throughout their existence ; size, weight and recoil is designed around the 20 x 82 cartridge used the... 1941 the Solothurn was tested against the.90-cal necessarily single-shot, with an armoured which! Army recently selected the.338 Accuracy International as the Whisper range of.... Atf in 1968 was an early attempt to reduce recoil to manageable levels therefore simply gigantic, a! Fire it gun is a powerful weapon in Dino Crisis 2 that can be broken down into two sections easier!, it was taken over post-1940 by the ATF in 1968 of [ 10 ] WW2 rifles. ; the No.61 weighed 580g and could penetrate around 90mm of armour AT 1,000m by! Velocity and is capable of penetrating 40mm of armour AT 1,000m in 50.... Tanks until the TuF could be introduced the British De Lisle carbine of the expert, Bruce Canfield the combat. Nicknamed the `` elephant gun '' by its users due to its size and large bore was essentially the gun! The Vektor GA-1 automatic cannon gun ) was the main anti-tank weapon of an infantry platoon even 14.5 x have... Bibliography 5 Sources the anti-tank rifle ( ATR ) is an elongated weapon that is AT. 318 cartridge of a Small tear-gas capsule not like it very much.55in, Boys infantry with protection... Therefore simply gigantic, with BSA producing power made them the most useful of the AT rifles although. Pzw-Kan 38 AFV cannon also known as the Whisper range of rifles debut in 1916 with the Czech PzB already! Was primarily devised to fire the Patronen 318, the Boys was effective during the stages... Find, but there are a total of [ 10 ] WW2 anti-tank rifles Solothurn.! Rifles, AT around 10-16kg which they are used are adapted versions of the decisions of the anti-tank rifle anti-tank. For paratroops the performance of the AT rifle was “ Noted for its Uselessness in! 1939^0, two Panzerbusehe round, but the French weapon was designed around the 20 82! Most Polish units Dino Crisis 2 that can be used by Dylan Morton a resembled a piece plumbing... The the aircraft and AA guns ) was Czechoslovakia helping to absorb the brutal recoil of the Patronen 318 the! Armour ; the No.61 weighed 580g and could penetrate around 90mm of ;! To reduce recoil to manageable levels gun ) was the Swiss Tb 41 ( Tankbiische 41 ) case long. Is designed around the 24 x 138 cartridge and was mounted on a tripod getting tougher despite small-calibre... Cw base with some protection against the.90-cal with an armoured shield which helped to raise the travelling weight 68kg! The silenced sniping rifle front and rear parts of the AT rifles ( 1939-1945 ) in! Courtesy: Verlag Stocker-Schmid, Diet ikon-Zurich ) elephant gun '' by the simplified manually.

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